Periodontal (gum) disease

Periodontal Gum Disease Shown With Diagram

Periodontal gum disease is a relatively common infection of the tissues that surround your teeth. Not only can it impact your gums, but if left untreated for a more extended period of time, it can also affect the underlying bone. This can lead to a variety of health concerns over time. The cause of the disease is associated with bacteria found in dental plaque, the sticky substance that forms on teeth. Without proper oral hygiene, the buildup of plaque can lead to an infection, which in turn impacts the teeth.

What are the Signs of Periodontal Gum Disease?

In the earliest stages of periodontal gum disease, there may be few to no symptoms. However, one of the most common symptoms is bleeding gums. Research indicates that half of the US population over 30 years old suffer from bleeding gums. While this is incredibly common, it does not mean that it is an acceptable occurrence. If you regularly experience bleeding gums, then you should contact your dentist right away as this could be a sign of early-stage periodontal gum disease.

Other signs to watch out for:

  • Excessive bad breath

  • Changes in the way that your teeth fit together

  • Red or swollen gums

  • Gums that have pulled away from teeth

  • Changes in how dentures fit

  • Teeth that are loose

What Increase Risk of Developing Periodontal Gum Disease?

While periodontal gum disease can impact anybody, there are a few factors that may increase the risk. Of course, poor oral hygiene can certainly be a factor since the root of the problem comes from a buildup of plague. People should take care to brush and floss two times per day. Additionally, smoking or chewing tobacco may also put your gums at risk. Certain medications may also impact your teeth and may require that brush and floss even more. Other factors that may increase the risk are pregnancy, diabetes, and even genetics.

How to Prevent Periodontal Gum Disease

Of course, nobody wants to worry about infections that can lead to loose teeth and deteriorated bones. Fortunately, there are several things people can do to be diligent about their oral health. First, you should establish a quality hygiene routine. This process should include brushing and flossing at least twice per day. You can go a few steps further by incorporating in mouth wash, water picks, and making sure that you have a fresh toothbrush every three months.

Untreated Periodontal Gum Disease

The early signs of periodontal disease may not seem very serious. However, you should keep in mind that untreated gum disease can lead to numerous oral health problems, including infections, missing teeth, and bone loss.

In addition to regular home care, you should also see your dentist regularly. Not only will this allow for professional cleaning, but it will also be an opportunity for your dentist to identify early warning signs. While it is suggested to visit your dentist every 6-12 months, you may want to do so more often if you have any of the above-mentioned risk factors.


Periodontal gum disease can have a severe impact on your oral health. However, it is preventable and also treatable. The best way to avoid or overcome this condition is to create good oral hygiene habits and have regular visits with your dentist.

If you would like to learn more, please reach out to our office. Our trained staff is more than happy to answer your questions and schedule you for an exam. It’s time to take control of your health—let us help! Schedule your appointment today to learn more.

We are ACE Arestin Certified

Arestin is used as an adjunct to scaling and root planing for the reduction of pocket depth in patients with adult periodontitis. Arestin may be used as part of a periodontal maintenance program, which includes good oral hygiene.